Industrial Revolution can be referred to as the period in which inventions took place introducing about a lot of new machineries that the world had never seen before which not only eased the human efforts but also increased his productivity. Industrial Revolution is said to have started in England. The reason behind this, according to historians, was not only one but a confluence of many factors that came together. The Agricultural Revolution brought about increased food production, people from small villages moved to bigger towns and cities leading to population growth, financial innovations like banks, stock markets etc, the cottage industry were few factors that contributed to Industrial revolution.
This transition era to new manufacturing processes can be referred to as the period from around 1760 to 1820 (or 1840.) This transformation led to changes from hand production process to machines, rise of the factory system, increasing usage of steam power engines, evolution of machinery tools, improved efficiency of water power, new chemical manufacturing and iron production methods. Indulge into such stories during the Europe Tour From India.
The era also brought about the change of fuel types from wood and other bio-fuels to coal. Textile industry played a major role in terms of modern production methods, employment generation, capital invested and output generation.
This period has been of great importance in the world history as the daily life of people was influenced in one way or the other which can be properly explained during Europe Tour. The average income of an individual started to witness a never before seen and continuous increase in income.
The steady increase in the income further brought about an improvement in the lifestyle of the society in general. The technological innovations that took place during the Industrial Revolution majorly took occurred in Britain.
For example, around 1764, James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny that was used to produce multiple spools of threads simultaneously. The spinning jennys spread all over Britain like anything which was later improvised by Samuel Compton. Then came the power loom which mechanized the process of weaving cloth developed in the 1780s by Edmund Cartwright.
Major improvisations in the iron industry also played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution.
Abraham Darby discovered a cheaper, easier method to produce cast iron in the 18th century, using a coke-fueled (instead of charcoal) furnace while Henry Bessemer developed an economical method for mass steel production. Therefore, iron and steel became important raw material for making anything and everything from appliances, tools, ship and buildings.
Steam engine was a major invention of Industrial revolution. In 1712, Thomas Newcomen developed the first practical steam engine used to pump water from mines. In the 1770s, James Watt from Scotland improvised the steam engine which could be used all over whether it is industries, ships, or locomotives.